• Notes for a beginning part of a short story


    · captivates the mind of the reader.

    · promises a lot of good things.

    · witty, yes, but not too complex.


    1. Establish a scene setting

    2. Create a conflict

    3. Create mystery

    4. A point of view 1st or 3rd

    5. Identify your protagonist and antagonist

    6. Open with a hook or strong piece of dialogue

    7. Build momentum

    8. Give exposition before you get to major action

    9. Keep dialogue to a minimum

    10. Begin story with a memory

    11. Can open your story with the unexpected


    How to create an effective middle part to your story


    · Maintaining engagement

    · Make your reader feel emotion

    · Throw in a plot twist or turning point


    1: Change locations for new developments and challenges

    2: Use the middle to raise uncertainty about your characters’ goals

    3: Increase plot complications and character obstacles

    4: Create subplots that add interest to your main story arc (storyline)

    5: Introduce interesting minor characters

    6: Stay focused on your characters’ end-goals

    7: Build to a smaller peak or a false climax

    8: The middle is not as long as the beginning proportionally because the exposition has already been addressed

    9: Read the middle chapters of favorite books and short stories and take notes on elements such as plot development and setting


    How to end your story with success


    · Wrap up conflict

    · Get your character to achieve final goal if possible

    · Establish denouement/ resolution


    1. Sometimes it helps to write the end of the story first

    2. A new and better protagonist emerges

    3. Your character will learn a lesson. "The emotional epiphany/change"

    4. Your ending should probably come when the main character has either reached, or failed to reach, the goal they had wanted in the beginning.

    5. Commit to the final event or actions of your story.

    6. Depending on the kind of main conflict you have been exploring, the final events of your story will either support or not support the development (build up) and resolution of that conflict.

    7. Leave their readers with “something to think about.” This “something” is the story's significance.

    8. Leave room for interpretation

    9. Build your ending with description and sensory images

    10. Tie up loose ends quickly. Scenes that follow the climax tend to be low tension. Don't linger too long.