• Expository/Summary Notes


    A successful expository/summary accomplishes the following:

    • States the main idea (thesis) of each paragraph in student’s own words. (paraphrase)
    • Put author’s words in quotes
    • States essential details in student’s own words. (paraphrase)
    • Uses effective (works, makes sense, logical) transitions
    • Stays in order (has introduction and conclusion)
    • Is shorter than the original



    • Opening topic sentence should be a clear statement of the main idea of the original selection
    • Add essential facts and details such as names, explanations, descriptions, dates, or places
    • End your expository/summary with a concluding sentence which ties the ideas together

    Expository/Summary “Recipe” on Non-Fiction

    • Interesting fact as a hook
    • Main idea clearly stated (thesis)
    • Important facts that explain main idea
    • Important facts in proper sequence (beginning/ middle/ end)
    • Use your own words- paraphrase
    • Facts only, no opinion
    • Vary length of sentences
    • Conclusion sentence summarizing article
    • Use transition words and phrases
    • Use on quote



    Expository/Summary recipe for fictional story

    • Include setting, major characters, events, outcome
    • Pick 1-2 significant events from the beginning
    • Pick 1-2 significant events from the middle
    • Pick 1-2 significant events from the end
    • Use transitional words and phrases such as because, later, however (to show relationships)
    • Conclude with a statement about what is learned from the story events


    Expository/Summary Writing Checklist

    Did you…

    • Read carefully to understand the main ideas of the passage?
    • Write your topic (opening) sentence as a clear statement of the main idea of the original text?
    • Select the most important details to support the main idea?
    • State each important idea in clear sentences?
    • Use one quote from the author?
    • Combine ideas and simplify the language by putting it in your own words?
    • Arrange your ideas in the most logical order?
    • Use a concluding or ending sentence which ties your points together?
    • Reread your expository/summary to make sure you have only the main ideas or concepts?
    • Reread your expository/summary to remove repetitions or less important information?
    • Use effective transitions?
    • Edit for correct punctuation, capitalization and spelling?