• Learn about Literature

    1.    genre- different forms of literature

    2.    prose- organized in sentences and paragraphs (fiction and nonfiction)

    3.    poetry- uses rhythms and is organized in lines called stanzas

    4.    novels- long works of fiction (uses characters, plot, setting, etc…)

    5.    novella- a shorter novel

    6.   short story- brief work that conveys a message about life using imaginary characters.


    7. Nonfiction- is literature about real-life events or the world of ideas. Nonfiction can inform, persuade, or entertain.


    8.  poetry- (continued from 3)-literature written in verse form. May have regular rhythms and rhymes.


    9. Drama- written in prose or poetry; tells a story through the words and actions of actors…includes dialogues and stage directions.


    10. Folk literature- including myths, folk tales, and legends- shaped by a group or culture over many years before being written down.

    “When the legend becomes the truth, print the legend”

    11. Anecdote- brief story about an interesting, amusing, or strange event. 

    Aristotle’s Appeals

    12. Ethoscredibility or ethical appeal. A sense of trustworthiness and respect.

    13. Pathosemotional feelings and thoughts. A sense of identity and self-interest. The strongest of the appeals.

    14. Logos-uses logic and facts to persuade. A sense of reasoning (deductive and inductive) to back claim. It is the most important techniques

    15. Mood begins with M, it is about MY feelings as a reader and what the author wants me to feel. For example, in The Raven by Poe, Poe wants the reader to feel “creeped out” by this taunting “devil” bird; the mood is creepy and eerie.

    16. Tone begins with T, tone is how THE speaker feels. So the speaker could be a character or the author. In the example, the narrator in The Raven feels great pain and suffering over his lost love Lenore. The TONE is anguish.

    *Tone and Mood can change from scene to scene so usually there are multiple moods in a book and a speaker's tone may change as their feelings change toward their subject.

    17. Suspense: Suspense is a feeling of anxious uncertainty about the outcome of the events in a literary work. Writers create suspense by raising questions in the minds of their readers.

    18. Macabre- involving death or violence in a way that is strange, frightening, or unpleasant