Learn about Literature
1. genre- different forms of literature
2. prose- organized in sentences and paragraphs (fiction and nonfiction)
3. poetry- uses rhythms and is organized in lines called stanzas
4. novels- long works of fiction (uses characters, plot, setting, etc…)
5. novella- a shorter novel
6. short story- brief work that conveys a message about life using imaginary characters.
7. Nonfiction- is literature about real-life events or the world of ideas. Nonfiction can inform, persuade, or entertain.
8. poetry- (continued from 3)-literature written in verse form. May have regular rhythms and rhymes.
9. Drama- written in prose or poetry; tells a story through the words and actions of actors…includes dialogues and stage directions.
10. Folk literature- including myths, folk tales, and legends- shaped by a group or culture over many years before being written down.
“When the legend becomes the truth, print the legend”11. Anecdote- brief story about an interesting, amusing, or strange event.
12. Ethos- credibility or ethical appeal. A sense of trustworthiness and respect.
13. Pathos- emotional feelings and thoughts. A sense of identity and self-interest. The strongest of the appeals.
14. Logos-uses logic and facts to persuade. A sense of reasoning (deductive and inductive) to back claim. It is the most important techniques
15. Mood begins with M, it is about MY feelings as a reader and what the author wants me to feel. For example, in The Raven by Poe, Poe wants the reader to feel “creeped out” by this taunting “devil” bird; the mood is creepy and eerie.
16. Tone begins with T, tone is how THE speaker feels. So the speaker could be a character or the author. In the example, the narrator in The Raven feels great pain and suffering over his lost love Lenore. The TONE is anguish.
*Tone and Mood can change from scene to scene so usually there are multiple moods in a book and a speaker's tone may change as their feelings change toward their subject.
17. Suspense: Suspense is a feeling of anxious uncertainty about the outcome of the events in a literary work. Writers create suspense by raising questions in the minds of their readers.
18. Macabre- involving death or violence in a way that is strange, frightening, or unpleasant