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    Notes on Argument/ Persuasive

    Argumentative/Persuasive Essay (recipe)

     

    5 Paragraphs

     

    1st paragraph: Introduces thesis (position)--Usually the last sentence of the first paragraph.  This is your introduction paragraph.

     

    2nd paragraph: point (idea) that defends your position (thesis).  Use your most important point in this paragraph.

     

    3rd paragraph: point (idea) that defends your position (thesis)

     

    4th paragraph: Refer to the opposing side and dismiss it.

     

    5th paragraph: Restates the thesis (position) and looks to the future.  This is your conclusion paragraph.

     

    *Don’t forget to include at least four transitional words or phrases.  Ex: first, additionally, on the other hand (however), finally

     

    Argument Essay Recipe continued-cheat sheet

    Introduction-

    open with a hook. Explain what you will be talking about. Make thesis clear.

    Body paragraphs-

    write supporting points-about 1-3 sentences that provide additional details. Tip: readers remember the last details they read mostly.  Make the last point the strongest.

    Opposing paragraph-

    “yeah…but” rebuttal. Explain why you think the opposing view is wrong.

    Conclusion-

    write 2-3 sentences to remind your readers of your main points and thesis. Finish with impact. You may include a quote, give a call to action (this must be done, we need this…), your hook from the introduction.

     

     

    Argumentative/Persuasive Writing Checklist:

    A successful persuasive essay accomplishes the following:

    ·      Clearly states position (thesis)

    ·      Supports position with facts, reasons, and other evidence

    ·      Addresses opposing view points and counterarguments

    ·      Organizes argument logically

    ·      Concludes with a summary- restate your position

    ·      Includes revisions to improve logic of argument

     

     
    Argumentative/Persuasive Essay Tips:

    Thesis: Topic; position you take

    Ex: The Egyptians believed in many gods, and this helped them understand natural events.

     

    Persuasive Thesis should not state a fact or a commonly held opinion:

    ·      Canada is cold in the winter.

    ·      Vacations are fun.

     

    Persuasive Thesis: Should state a personal opinion that can be defended.

    ·      Canada’s cold winters build character.

    ·      Vacations decrease productivity.

     

    Defining Characteristics of the Genre: Persuasive Essay/ Editorial

    ·        Convincing

    ·        Introduction grabs attention

    ·        Definite clear position on controversial issue

    ·        Counter arguments are addressed

    ·        Conclusion includes call to action

    Persuasive techniques:

    ·        Powerful Introductions

    ·        Repetition

    ·        Rhetorical questions

    ·        Appeals to emotion-Pathos

    ·        Strong conclusions with call to action

    ·        Tone

    ·        Comparison

    ·        Hypothetical situations (imagine if…)

    ·        Testimonials (first hand experiences)

    ·        Strong Language- not inappropriate

    ·        “Attacks” on the other side (attacks on the argument NOT THE PERSON)

     

    Crafting Argumentative text:

     

    ·        Building transitions

    ·        Integrating facts, statistics, and quotations-Logos

    ·        Using comparisons

    ·        Introducing anecdotes

    ·        Introducing and arguing against the opposing point of view (counter argument)

     

     

     

    Argument Essay Recipe continued-cheat sheet 

    Introduction- 

    open with a hook. Explain what you will be talking about. Make thesis clear. 

    Body paragraphs- 

    write supporting points-about 1-3 sentences that provide additional details. Tip: readers remember the last details they read mostly.  Make the last point the strongest. 

    Opposing paragraph 

    “yeah…but” rebuttal. Explain why you think the opposing view is wrong. 

    Conclusion- 

    write 2-3 sentences to remind your readers of your main points and thesis. Finish with impact. You may include a quote, give a call to action (this must be done, we need this…), your hook from the introduction.