A conjunction connects individual words or groups of words.


    1.  Coordinating Conjunctions – The words, phrases, or clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction must be equal or of the same type. (number and tense)


    Ex 1: If you want to reduce pollution, ride a bike or plant a tree.


    Ex 2: F- for- offer a reason for first clause

             A- and- connecting clauses

             N- nor- negative clause

             B- but- contrary to first clause

             O- or- clause as an alternative

             Y- yet- contrary to first clause

              S- so- give a reason for first clause


    2. Correlative Conjunctions- are conjunctions used in pairs.  (more advanced coordinating conjuctions)

    Ex 1:    both…and



                Not only…but also




    Ex 2: Either you’re a part of the problem, or you’re part of the solution.

    Ex 3: She’ll come whether by plane or train, I can’t say.




    3. Subordinating conjunctions


    A subordinating conjunction is a word or group of words that connects two clauses that are not equally important.  A subordinating conjunction connects a dependent clause (DC) to an independent clause (IC) in order to complete the meaning of the dependent clause. (complex sentences)


    Ex 1: after, although, as, as if, as long as, as though, because, before, even though, if, **inasmuch as, in order that, provided that, since,*so, so that, that, though, till, unless, until, when, where, whereas, while.

    ** You should not eat that whole chocolate pieinasmuch as it is going to cause a bad stomach ache. (how to use inasmuch as- considering that, because)

        Independent Clause (IC)                          Dependent Clause (DC)                                       



    Ex 2: Although he read the entire bookhe did not remember a thing.

            Dependent Clause (DC)                       Independent Clause (IC)


    Ex 3:- More people will get involved when they realize that the Earth is “Home Sweet Home.” (example without comma)

            Independent Clause (IC)          Dependent Clause (DC)