• Preposition

     

    A preposition is a word (or group of words; phrase) that shows position, direction, or how two words or ideas are related to each other.

     

    Specifically; a preposition shows the relationship between its object and some other word in the sentence.

     

    Ex 1: The caterpillar hung under the leaf of the tree.

    Ex 2: The school is around the corner.

     

     

    1.  Prepositional Phrase 

     

    A prepositional phrase includes the preposition, the object of the preposition and the modifiers of the object.

     

    Ex 1: Natasha’s friends ran away from the big caterpillar.

    (prep: away from  object: caterpillar  modifier: big [the]

     

    Ex 2: But Natasha enjoyed the critter with the furry coat.

    Prep phrase: with the furry coat [functions as an adjective and modifies critter.]

     

    * A prepositional phrase may function as an adjective or as an adverb.

     

    2.  Object of Preposition

     

    A preposition never appears alone- it needs an object always.

    The object of the Preposition may be modified by one or more adjectives.

                                     (prep)                  (obj)

    Ex 1: The houses are near busy urban airports.

     

    * Note- because prepositional phrases act as adjectives and adverbs, you can use them in your sentences to add description and to clarify action.

                                         (prep) (obj.)

    Ex 2: Were they talking to me?

                                         (prep) (obj.)

    Ex 3: Give the message to them.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Prepositions continued:

    Recognizing Prepositions:

    Here is a list 50 common prepositions:

    above               below              during              off                   to                                

    across              beneath            except              on                    toward                        

    after                 beside              for                   onto                 under

    about               behind             from                opposite           underneath     

    against             besides            in                     out                   until

    along               between           inside               outside            up

    among             beyond            into                  over                 upon

    around             but                   like                  past                  with

    at                     by                    near                 since                within

    before              down               of                     through            without

     

    Prepositions consisting of more than one word are called compound prepositions.

    according to                       by means of                                       instead of

    ahead of                             in addition to                                     next to

    aside from                          in back of                                          on account of

    as of                                   in front of                                          on top of

    because of                          in place of                                         out of

     

    *Because prepositions have different meanings, using a particular preposition will affect the way other words in a sentence relate to one another.

     

    Ex.1 The parade passed (near, by, in front of, behind, opposite) City Hall

     

    Watch Out!!!!

                                                  (prep.)            (conj.)

    Ex. 2 I need to go to the store for my mom for she ran out of milk.